Field Projects

Environmental Management of Micro-Watershed in Hidalgo

This project includes follow-up, monitoring, conservation and supervision of ecological restoration activities whose main objective is to contribute to the recharge of the aquifer.

Basic information

  • Environmental monitoring in 26,000 ha.
  • Plantation of maguey and nopal cactus, two native species
  • Survival rate of 98% in 53 sites
  • Pruning of 1,150 juniper trees to favor their development and growth
  • 520 meters of stone barriers constructed at contour level

Project Overview

Within the reforestation areas, we carry out soil conservation activities, prevention of forest fires, pest control and actions for the protection and maintenance of the plantation. We guarantee that the Agave salmiana and Opuntia streptacantha plantations maintain a high survival rate, in addition to pursuing conservation and restoration actions that favor the recovery of the vegetation cover.

Details

Problems of the area

The reduction of forest cover, strongly linked to deforestation, has caused soil erosion and the siltation of water bodies in the lower parts of the basin. In addition, this has caused a notable loss in the production of environmental services for the region’s communities.

Size and magnitude of the project

Work is being carried out in the micro-basin with a surface area of 26,914 hectares that directly affects the largest recharge zone of the APAN 1320 aquifer. It includes four important municipalities in the region.

Natural conditions

This is an agricultural and forestry region. In terms of rainfed agriculture, barley is the predominant crop and, in the livestock sector, sheep are the main livestock. The forestry is composed of xerophytic scrub, pastur, táscate forest and oak forest.

Training

Training has been provided on the safe handling of snakes and first aid in the event of an ophidian accident, plantation design, and survival assessment methodology. These workshops are related to the performance of the duties of the personnel who carry out field activities. Courses related to forest fire prevention and firefighting, soil and water conservation, and identification and control of nopal and maguey pests and diseases are also considered.

Benefits

The most outstanding social benefit is the creation of quality local jobs, increasing people’s standard of living, in addition to generating knowledge for sustainable use of natural resources. We currently work on a permanent basis with a crew of 9 people, including 3 women. All of them are natives of the region and are familiar with the conditions and problems of the area. From an environmental point of view, we combat soil erosion, stop deforestation and increase vegetation cover. These actions favor water infiltration, contributing to aquifer recharge. In general, we increase the provision of environmental services.